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文章标题:午报:美媒:美国打压中兴源于对中国科技崛起的恐慌!

发布时间: 2018-04-24
html模版午报:美媒:美国打压中兴源于对中国科技崛起的恐慌!

当地时间16日,美国商务部宣告,往后七年内,美国公司将被制止向中兴通讯出售零部件、产品、软件和技能。一记重拳向中兴砸下。

一时间,“芯片”成了朋友圈热词,中兴的“芯”病,让不少国人跟着疼。

自3月23日美国总统特朗普宣告对我国多种产品征收惩罚性关税以来,中美买卖抵触已历时30天。

美国这招以“美国国家安全”为名的举动,真的仅仅在买卖上跟我国较劲吗?

心怀叵测的禁售,其实源于美国对我国科技兴起的惊惧。

“买卖战”?美国要打的是科技

《华尔街日报》日前发表文章,指出两国“买卖战”的真实交火区:科技范畴。

在与我国的买卖之战中,美国科技范畴被烽火围困。文章开篇就说,假如你以为中美的买卖抵触仅仅关于钢铁和大豆,那你可就得好好考虑下了:

If you think the rising economic tensions between the U.S. and China are all to do with commodities like steel and soybeans, think again. The tech sector is very much in the crossfire.

假如你以为中美之间的买卖抵触仅仅与钢铁、大豆这样的产品有关,那你需求三思,因为科技范畴但是交火正酣。

特朗普政府忧虑的,是我国这些科企的技能优势:

Besides the generally negative tone of U.S.-China trade relations, the Trump administration is also worried about ZTE and Huawei’s growing technological edge: The two companies led the world in patent applications in 2017, according to the World Intellectual Property Organization.

除了中美买卖关系的消沉论调,特朗普政府还忧虑中兴和华为日渐增加的技能优势:依据国际知识产权安排音讯,这两家公司在2017年请求专利数抢先国际。

美国忧虑我国科企开展5G

美国特别忧虑的是什么?文章指出:是这些科企的5G技能。这很有可能会让美国在通讯技能上落后,未来只能依靠我国科企:

A specific concern is that their massive investment in next-generation mobile-network technology, known as 5G, could leave American wireless carriers with no choice but to use Chinese technology in future.

一个很详细的忧虑,就是他们(中兴和华为)在5G上的大规模投入,这可能会使得美国的无线运营商在未来只能依靠我国技能。

文章称,这与美国政府干涉高通被收买的套路是相同的,都是忧虑本身开展5G受阻:

The move against ZTE is consistent with the U.S. government’s decision last month to block Singapore-based Broadcom ’s proposed takeover of Qualcomm, on the grounds it would undermine U.S. strength in 5G technology.

上月,美国政府阻遏坐落新加坡的博通公司收买高通的恳求,理由是这会危害美国在5G技能上的优势,这与其对中兴的制裁实践是一个套路。

不满《我国制作2025》,下手中兴是想下一盘大棋

《纽约时报》标明,美国早已盯着我国的2025,想在顶级技能上跟我国下一盘大棋,企图阻挠我国主导一些技能类职业:

我国科企被禁购买美国零件

文章写道:

That trade clash now centers heavily on cutting-edge technology. The Trump administration accuses China of using coercion and illicit means to obtain American technology. In particular, it has criticized an industrial plan known as Made in China 2025 that seeks to make China a world leader in industries like robotics, electric cars and medical devices.

现在,这场买卖抵触首要会集在顶级技能上。特朗普政府责备我国运用钳制和非法手段获取美国技能,关于《我国制作2025》的工业方案特别不满。该方案寻求在机器人、电动汽车和医疗设备等范畴让我国成为国际领导者。

In a bid to stop China from dominating these industries, the White House has proposed limiting American exports of semiconductors and advanced machinery to the country. That could happen through new investment restrictions, which are slated to be announced in the coming months.

白宫企图阻挠我国主导这些职业,提议约束美国面向我国的半导体和先进机械出口。这可能会经过新的出资约束来完成,相关约束将在未来几个月发布。

《纽约时报》也标明,我国近年来,在人工智能等一些范畴取得了相当大的开展:

While China has long been viewed as the lower-cost producer for technology companies in the United States, it has in recent years gained considerable ground in areas like artificial intelligence. Last year, China unveiled a plan to become the world leader in artificial intelligence and create an industry worth $150 billion to its economy by 2030.

虽然我国长时间被视为美国科技公司的低本钱生产商,但近年来,我国在人工智能等范畴取得了相当大的开展。上一年,我国发布方案,要成为人工智能范畴的国际领导者,到2030年将其打造成一个价值1500亿美元(约合9400亿元人民币)工业。

美国媒体Axios也发表文章标明,这是因为对我国科技的惊惧:

美国对我国科技要挟感到惊惧。

美国制裁我国科企,就真能占上风了吗?

伤人者必自伤,美国此番对中兴出手,不少美国媒体点评,那是搬起石头,砸自己的脚:

《华尔街日报》:在中美的科技之战中,美国杀敌一千,自损八百

我国创始本钱创始人董事长傅成这样描述美国对中兴的制裁:

the fraughtest moment in the 30-year history of U.S.-China technology trade and mutual reliance

中美科技买卖和相互依靠30年历史上最令人忧虑的时间

fraught adj. 忧虑的,忧虑的

美国芯片制作商日子也不好过

就像我国许多工业依靠美国芯片相同,美国的芯片商场也需求我国。美国高通公司就被自己国家推到了一个极为为难的地步:

The block put the mobile-chip company firmly at the center of a growing tech rivalry between its home country and its biggest market: China, which accounts for almost two-thirds of Qualcomm’s revenue.

这一禁令让高通这个手机芯片公司夹在了中美两国技能比赛的中心,而我国是高通最大的商场,高通三分之二的收益都来自于我国。

而也正因如此,高通收买荷兰公司恩智浦的方案可能受到牵连而被逼放置:

China’s Commerce Ministry spokesman, Gao Feng, said Thursday a preliminary review of Qualcomm’s NXP deal turned up issues that make “it difficult to eliminate the negative impact,” but he didn’t rule out the possibility of an eventual approval.

我国商务部发言人顶峰19日标明,正在检查今次高通并购恩智浦案,以为并购“很难消除负面影响”,但他并没有扫除终究经过的可能性。

Qualcomm said Thursday that it refiled its application with Chinese regulators, and agreed with NXP to extend the deal’s deadline by three months to July 25.

高通19日标明,现已从头向我国提交请求,并与恩智浦协定将买卖截止日期延伸三个月至7月25日。

据悉,依据反垄断相关法令,这宗买卖需求取得9个国家和地区监管组织的同意,此前经多番博弈后,欧盟总算开绿灯,现在只欠差我国商务部的同意。

文章标明:

The deal is seen as crucial to San Diego-based Qualcomm, which needs to look for growth beyond its dominance in the smartphone sector. NXP specializes in making chips for automobiles, a rapidly growing market.

这次并购对坐落圣地亚哥的高通公司特别重要,他们需求寻求其主导的智能手机职业之外的增加,而恩智浦则专攻手机芯片制作,这是个快速增加的商场。

文章称,中美科技公司的相互依靠,证明科技之战不是一场零和博弈,高通就是美国受伤科企中的一个:

The interdependence of technology companies across the Pacific means that a tech war isn’t a zero-sum game. Qualcomm is one of several U.S. suppliers hurt by the ban on sales to ZTE.

横跨太平洋科技公司的相互依靠标明,科技之战不是一场零和游戏。高通就是美国禁售中兴受伤的供货商之一。

另据彭博社19日报导,为了下降本钱,高通现已开端大规模裁人了:

Qualcomm Inc. has begun cutting about 1,500 jobs in California as part of a broader workforce reduction aimed at meeting a commitment to investors to pare costs by $1 billion, according to people familiar with the process.

知情人士称,高通公司已开端在加利福尼亚州削减大约1500个工作岗位,这也是更广泛的裁人方案的一部分,旨在向出资者完成削减10亿美元本钱的许诺,乐天堂后备网址

美国农人又添新忧虑

前一阵,外媒现已悲叹过一轮,中美打买卖战,会给美国农人带来灾难性冲击。

而近来美国制裁我国科技公司,则会从另一方面给美国农人带来冲击:网速。

美国乡村还有一个理由为美中关系焦虑:网速据美国石英财经网站报导,美国联邦通讯委员会投票支撑了一项办法,或将阻挠美国运营商运用联邦基金从华为、中兴等公司购买网络设备。

文章为美国乡村的网络忧虑:

Cutting out the Chinese companies from rural markets could place significant financial pressure on carriers and reduce their ability to provide adequate connectivity.

把我国公司赶出美国乡村商场可能会给运营商带来巨大的资金压力,并下降它们供给满足网络连接的才能。

中兴遭制裁,激起我国人奋起之心

中兴的“芯片”之痛,让我们认识到了自己的短板,一起也激起了国人的奋起之心。

外媒也留意到了这一点。

美国《国会山报》称:美国对中兴的禁令,激起了我国人的联合。

美国对中兴的禁令激起我国人联合起来为该公司鼓劲道称:The Chinese are now rallying around telecommunications company ZTE Corp. in response to a U.S. ban on sales of components to the Chinese company.

我国人现在联合在电信公司中兴的周围,对立美国对该公司禁售元件的决议。

路透社也报导称:

Chinese social media has seen an outpouring of support for ZTE.

我国交际媒体上出现很多网友谈论支撑中兴。

《南华早报》谈论文章则以为,置之死地而后生,中兴遭受的重创有可能成为我国的一次机会。

为什么美国制裁中兴或成为助推我国完成芯片大志的最好动力文章称,我国政府会因而发愤图强,脱节在半导体范畴对美国的依靠:The shock of possibly seeing one of its star state owned tech companies struggle for survival will push Beijing even harder in its efforts to reduce reliance on some US$200 billion of annual semiconductor imports, which it fears holds back its own technology sector.

眼看着国企科技巨子或将堕入挣扎求生的地步,我国政府备感震动,定将全力奋起,脱节每年约2000亿美元的半导体进口,政府正忧虑这些进口半导体会阻止本国科技范畴的开展。

该文章留意到,我国政府其实早就现已在半导体范畴投入很多资金,成立了国家集成电路工业出资基金,以直接入股的方法对国内半导体企业给予财务支撑。

China’s National Integrated Circuits Industry Investment Fund, a central government subsidy programme aimed at reducing the country’s reliance on foreign microchips, wants to raise as much as 200 billion yuan (US$32 billion) in its latest round of funding. The first round of about 140 billion yuan was allocated to more than 20 companies.

据悉我国国家集成电路工业出资基金(一个旨在削减对国外芯片依靠的政府补助项目),在最近一期集资中拟征集2000亿人民币资金。第一期征集的1400亿人民币现已投入20多家企业中。

谈论达观地以为,我国有满足的资金和商场来支撑自己的芯片工业,关键在于一个突破口:

China has the capital and the consumer market to support its own chip industry, but the road to get there won’t be easy. More often than not, a crisis is the best way to achieve a breakthrough – perhaps in a new technology that could make current manufacturing methods obsolete and vault the inventor to No 1 position.

我国有满足的资金和消费商场来支撑自己的芯片工业,但路途是弯曲的。一般,一场危机或许就是最好的方法来找到突破口,或许我国可以研制出新的技能,筛选当时的制作方法,借此一跃而起、雄踞第一。

【解救不高兴】

爆笑!《各显神通》太逗了,这样经典的小品难得一见

学车小伙辅导学员练车,被一顿踹,笑哭

一波搞笑的为难集锦,周末就是要高兴起来

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